It's normal to experience some anxiety when you have to tackle a problem at work, take a test, go to an interview, or make an important decision. Anxiety may be beneficial at times, eg. It may help you notice dangerous situations and focuses your attention in order for us to stay safe. Anxiety disorders may be caused by genetics, faulty brain chemistry, environmental stress, and drug withdrawal or misuse. Certain medical conditions such as lung, heart and thyroid conditions may cause symptoms similar to anxiety disorders.

Types of anxiety disorders:

There are different types of anxiety disorders, namely:

Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) – This is a type of anxiety disorder that causes extreme and unrealistic worry and tension, even when there is nothing that is triggering these feelings. Signs and symptoms of GAD may include difficulty concentrating, restlessness and sleeping problems.

Phobias – These are an intense fear of a certain object or situation. Some common phobias may include the fear of blood, heights, injections, flying and animals like spiders, dogs or snakes. A phobia may cause you to avoid everyday situations.

Panic disorder – This type of anxiety disorder causes intense, sudden panic attacks, which normally may be stronger than any other type of anxiety disorder. During a panic attack, you may experience sweating, chest pain, heart palpitations, and a feeling of choking, which may feel like you are having a heart attack or going crazy.


Separation disorder – This is a type of anxiety disorder that normally occurs in children or teens. They may worry about being away from their parents. Children or teens that may have separation disorder may fear that their parents may be hurt or may not come back as promised. Adults and other older children may also experience a separation anxiety disorder.

How is anxiety disorder treated?

Treatment for anxiety disorders includes psychotherapy and medications. Dr Matshaya may recommend both of these treatments. Psychotherapy is recommended to help reduce anxiety symptoms by teaching you certain skills to improve symptoms and gradually return to doing daily activities. Medications such as anti-anxiety medication will be prescribed.


1What are the risks for anxiety disorder?
Risk factors for anxiety disorder include a history of mental health disorder, trauma, negative life events, substance abuse, and low self-esteem.
2What will happen if my child doesn’t get any treatment?
Left untreated, anxiety disorders may have a negative effect on family relationships, school performance and social functioning. Your child may also have more serious mental and physical health problems.
3When must I go to the emergency room for an anxiety disorder?
Anxiety disorder symptoms may resemble symptoms of a heart attack or another health emergency. Therefore, when these symptoms are experienced, call 911 or go to your nearest emergency room.

"Do not only go through pain but grow through pain"





A psychiatrist is a qualified doctor that specialises in the medical treatment of mental health conditions, including substance use disorders. Psychiatrists can assess both mental and physical aspects of psychological conditions and are able to prescribe appropriate medication.