There are several factors that may contribute to the occurrence of a mood disorder. Mood disorders are likely to be caused by an imbalance of brain chemicals. Life events such as stressful life changes may also contribute to the development of mood disorders.

There are different types of mood disorders, such as:

Depression – This is a common mental disorder that causes a typical response such as grief or sadness caused by a traumatic life event such as the death of a spouse or family member, loss of a job, or major illness. Depression may continue to be present even after the stressful event is over. There are different types of depression which vary depending on the type of symptoms experienced. Postpartum depression is a type that occurs during pregnancy or after delivery. Psychotic depression is a type of severe depression combined with psychotic episodes of hallucinations or delusions.

Bipolar disorder – This refers to mood swings due to periods of depression to mania. Bipolar disorder causes symptoms of low mood and other symptoms that resemble those of clinical depression. During a manic episode, you may feel elated or irritable or have increased levels of activity.

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder – This is a mental health condition that occurs a few days before menstruation. It causes symptoms such as irritability, decreased interest in usual activities, anger, tension and sleep problems. .


Intermittent explosive disorder – This is a condition that refers to episodes of unwarranted anger. Also known as "flying into a rage for no reason", it causes behavioural outbursts that are out of proportion to the situation.

How are mood disorders treated?

Mood disorders treatment depends on the type of disorder diagnosed and the symptoms experienced. Dr Matshaya may recommend therapy which involves a combination of medication and psychotherapy. Medications such as antidepressants, mood stabilizers and antipsychotics may be prescribed. Brain stimulation therapies may also be recommended.


1How are mood disorders diagnosed?
A physical examination may be conducted to help rule out psychological causes for symptoms such as thyroid problems, other illnesses or a vitamin deficiency.
2Who is at risk of developing a mood disorder?
People who feel sad or depressed at times may be at risk. Children, teens, or adults who have a family member that has a mood disorder may have a greater chance of having a mood disorder.
3Can mood disorders be prevented?
Mood disorders can’t be prevented or reduced the incidence of mood disorders. However, early diagnosis and treatment may help reduce the severity of symptoms, enhance normal growth and development, and improve quality of life.

"Do not only go through pain but grow through pain"





A psychiatrist is a qualified doctor that specialises in the medical treatment of mental health conditions, including substance use disorders. Psychiatrists can assess both mental and physical aspects of psychological conditions and are able to prescribe appropriate medication.