The exact cause of the obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), but a family history of OCD may play a huge part. If you have a close family member that has OCD, then your risk of developing OCD will be higher. Irregular development and impairment in certain parts of the brain may also be linked to the condition. Other causes may include:

There are different types of trauma and related disorders, namely:

  • History of abuse
  • Low levels of serotonin are a natural substance in the brain that is responsible for maintaining mental balance.
  • Overactivity in certain areas of the brain.
  • Problems with an important relationship.
  • Death of a loved one or other emotional trauma.
  • Problems at work or at school.

Types of OCD

There is no classification of different types of OCD; however, research has shown some common symptoms and has placed them in several subtypes, like:

  • Fear of harm and checking
  • Contamination and cleaning
  • Symmetry, perfectionism and ordering
  • Intrusive sexual, violent, or other taboo thoughts
  • Collecting or hoarding

How are obsession and compulsive disorders treated?

Obsessive-compulsive disorder treatment depends entirely on your age, overall health, medical history and the severity of the condition. Dr Matshaya may recommend cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) to help stop negative habits and replace them with healthier ways to cope. Medications may also be prescribed to help treat OCD.


1What will happen if medications and cognitive-behavioural therapy don't work?
If OCD doesn’t respond to these treatments, the psychiatrist may try to improve mood by recommending electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), which works by delivering electric shocks to the brain through electrodes. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) may also be recommended. TMS works by delivering electrical impulses to the brain to cause the brain to release chemicals to help improve mood.
2Can OCD be prevented?
No, OCD can’t be prevented; early diagnosis and treatment may help reduce symptoms and their effects on your life.
3When should I seek help?
Talk to your family doctor if you have OCD symptoms.

"Do not only go through pain but grow through pain"





A psychiatrist is a qualified doctor that specialises in the medical treatment of mental health conditions, including substance use disorders. Psychiatrists can assess both mental and physical aspects of psychological conditions and are able to prescribe appropriate medication.