The exact cause of psychotic disorders is unknown; however, there are several factors that play a role in the occurrence of a psychotic disorder. Some psychotic disorders tend to run in the family, meaning that the disorder may be inherited. Other factors may include stress, drug abuse, and major life changes.

Types of psychotic disorders:

There are different types of psychotic disorders, such as:

Schizophrenia – This is one of the most common types of psychotic disorder that normally has a genetic component. It causes hallucinations (seeing or hearing things that don’t exist) and possibly delusions (believing in things that are untrue).

Bipolar disorder – This is a type of mood disorder that is normally characterized by cyclic changes ranging between extreme highs (mania) and lows (depression). Signs and symptoms of the psychotic disorder may occur during a manic episode, where you may experience a combination of hallucinations and delusions.

Schizoaffective disorder – This is a mental condition where you experience both psychosis and a mood disorder. It causes mood disorder traits such as bipolar disorder and depression. It may also cause paranoia, delusions, and hallucinations. The possible causes for schizoaffective disorder are genetics and brain chemical changes.


Substance use disorder – This is a condition which involves the misuse of drugs or alcohol, which may result in the development of a mental illness later on in life. People in their early 20’s who have substance use issues may be especially vulnerable to the development of psychotic disorder due to their developing brains.

How are psychotic disorders treated?

Psychotic disorders are effectively treated with a combination of medications and therapies. As a qualified psychiatrist, Dr Matshaya will help determine what your needs are depending on the severity of your condition. Antipsychotic medications may be prescribed as the first line of treatment. Therapies such as cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), individual talk therapy, psychoanalytic therapy, family therapy, and social rehabilitation may be recommended.


1What symptoms of psychosis?

The signs of psychosis vary between mental health disorders. However, the most common include:

  • Concentration difficulties
  • Loss of interest or joy in normal activities
  • Increased anxiety or agitation
  • Hallucinations, where you see or hear things that are not there
  • Neglected personal hygiene
  • Disturbed sleep
  • Social withdrawal
  • Holding strong beliefs that are not actually true
  • Paranoia over people and situations around you
2When do I seek help?
Seek help when you begin to notice any symptoms of psychosis in order to receive effective treatment. Do not wait until you are unable to perform your daily activities.
3How can I prevent a psychotic episode?
Developing a healthy lifestyle, self-esteem, social skills, self-confidence, and stress management skills may help in making you feel better or reduce the risk of having another psychotic episode.

"Do not only go through pain but grow through pain"





A psychiatrist is a qualified doctor that specialises in the medical treatment of mental health conditions, including substance use disorders. Psychiatrists can assess both mental and physical aspects of psychological conditions and are able to prescribe appropriate medication.